Pongal is also the name of a sweetened dish of rice boiled in milk and jaggery that is ritually consumed on this day. In the ceremony called Bhogi Pallu, fruits of the harvest such as regi pallu and sugar cane are collected along with flowers of the season. [10], The cooking is done in a clay pot that is often garlanded with leaves or flowers, sometimes tied with a piece of turmeric root or marked with pattern artwork called kolam. All these The three days of this festival are called Bhogi, Mattu Ponga and Surya Pongal. [citation needed], Surya Pongal – also called Suryan Pongal or Perum Pongal – is the second and main festive day, and is dedicated to the Hindu god Surya. Initially, Pongal festival was celebrated as a Dravidian Harvest festival during the reign of Dravidian Era … The festival has been given different names like-Ponakam, Tiruponakum and Ponkal. The history of the festival can be traced back to the Sangam Age i.e. traditions led to the celebration of the Pongal festivity of today. Festive celebrations include decorating cows and their horns, ritual bathing and processions. [7], According to Anthony Good, the dish and the process of its preparation is a part of the symbolism, both conceptually and materially. The history of the festival can be traced back to the Sangam Age i.e. As the dish begins to boil and overflow out of the vessel, one or more participants blow a conch called the sanggu while others shout with joy "Pongalo Pongal"! The name of four pongal day festivals are Bogi festival, Surya Pongal, Maatu Pongal and Kaanum Pongal. For this reason, the festival was named Pongal. [32] This is symbolism for the shared wish of greater fortunes in the year ahead. and for the purpose, they observed penance during the Tamil month of Margazhi. [4][12] It celebrates the harvest, the cooking transforms the gift of agriculture into nourishment for the gods and the community on a day that Tamil's traditionally believe marks the end of winter solstice and starts the sun god's journey north. [41] They gather and stay in the streets, town people host and help with the supplies, they cook together and offer the Pongala dish to the Hindu temple goddess Bhagavathy (aka Parvati avatar, Durga-Kannaki). Etymology and history Tai (தை, Thai) refers to the name of the tenth month in the Tamil calendar, while Pongal (from pongu) connotes "boiling over" or "overflow." History of Pongal Event. Traditionally, this khara pongal recipe is cooked around Pongal festival or Onam, however, the taste of this dish is so amazing that you can make it anytime. Many families hold reunions on this day. The offerings which are offered to God are called Pongal. The first Pongal is called Bhogi Pongal, which is dedicated to Devraj Indra. We can trace the history of Pongal … Pongal can be dated back to the times of Sangam Age i.e. This is followed by the 'Mattu Pongal' celebration on the third day when bulls, cows and other farm animals are worshipped. people. In early records, it appears as ponakam, tiruponakam, ponkal and similar terms. History of Pongal Pongal is an ancient festival, a festival whose presence can be traced back to 200B.C to 300A.D i.e the Sangam Age. Traditionally, the Pongal Festival marks the end of the winter solstice. 200 B.C. Let our site be more useful to you each time you visit by enabling your cookies so we can remember details like your preferred language and … On the day of the Pongal festival dedicated to greenery and prosperity, Lord Surya Dev Ji is worshiped and offered to God as a Food. Temples and communities hold processions by parading icons from the sanctum of the temple in wooden chariots, drama-dance performances encouraging social gatherings and renewal of community bonds. [10][4][11] It is traditionally an occasion for decorating rice-powder based kolam artworks, offering prayers in the home, temples, getting together with family and friends, and exchanging gifts to renew social bonds of solidarity. Pongal Festival is a harvest festival celebrated under many regional names across India. Pongal Mythology: The story behind Pongal Celebration The beauty of South India lies in its culture and tradition. [1] Portions of the sweet pongal dish (sakkara pongal) are distributed as the prasadam in Hindu temples. [28], The festival is observed for three[3] or four[5] days in Tamil Nadu, but one or two days in urban locations particularly in the Tamil diaspora community outside South Asia. festival was celebrated as a Dravidian Harvest festival during the reign of The offerings which are offered to God are called Pongal. [50] It is celebrated in many parts of India, Nepal and Bangladesh.[51]. Learn some amazing facts about this harvest festival, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pongal_(festival)&oldid=996045116, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Harvest festival. The name of the festival comes from the Tamil word meaning “to boil”; rice is boiled in milk and offered first to the gods, then to the cows, and then to family members. It refers to Makara Sankranti, the harvest festival celebrated in India under several regional names. In some communities, women take their "cooking pots to the town center, or the main square, or near a temple of their choice or simply in front of their own home" and cook together as a social event, states Gutiérrez. Pongal, a traditional Tamilian food item and … Makar ) and oil standard greeting on the streets Pradesh, Bengal, Bihar,,. 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