Pongal is also the name of a sweetened dish of rice boiled in milk and jaggery that is ritually consumed on this day. In the ceremony called Bhogi Pallu, fruits of the harvest such as regi pallu and sugar cane are collected along with flowers of the season. , The cooking is done in a clay pot that is often garlanded with leaves or flowers, sometimes tied with a piece of turmeric root or marked with pattern artwork called kolam. All these
The three days of this festival are called Bhogi, Mattu Ponga and Surya Pongal. , Surya Pongal – also called Suryan Pongal or Perum Pongal – is the second and main festive day, and is dedicated to the Hindu god Surya. Initially, Pongal festival was celebrated as a Dravidian Harvest festival during the reign of Dravidian Era … The festival has been given different names like-Ponakam, Tiruponakum and Ponkal. The history of the festival can be traced back to the Sangam Age i.e. traditions led to the celebration of the Pongal festivity of today. Festive celebrations include decorating cows and their horns, ritual bathing and processions. , According to Anthony Good, the dish and the process of its preparation is a part of the symbolism, both conceptually and materially. The history of the festival can be traced back to the Sangam Age i.e. As the dish begins to boil and overflow out of the vessel, one or more participants blow a conch called the sanggu while others shout with joy "Pongalo Pongal"! The name of four pongal day festivals are Bogi festival, Surya Pongal, Maatu Pongal and Kaanum Pongal. For this reason, the festival was named Pongal.  This is symbolism for the shared wish of greater fortunes in the year ahead. and for the purpose, they observed penance during the Tamil month of Margazhi.  It celebrates the harvest, the cooking transforms the gift of agriculture into nourishment for the gods and the community on a day that Tamil's traditionally believe marks the end of winter solstice and starts the sun god's journey north.  They gather and stay in the streets, town people host and help with the supplies, they cook together and offer the Pongala dish to the Hindu temple goddess Bhagavathy (aka Parvati avatar, Durga-Kannaki). Etymology and history Tai (தை, Thai) refers to the name of the tenth month in the Tamil calendar, while Pongal (from pongu) connotes "boiling over" or "overflow." History of Pongal Event. Traditionally, this khara pongal recipe is cooked around Pongal festival or Onam, however, the taste of this dish is so amazing that you can make it anytime. Many families hold reunions on this day. The offerings which are offered to God are called Pongal. The first Pongal is called Bhogi Pongal, which is dedicated to Devraj Indra. We can trace the history of Pongal … Pongal can be dated back to the times of Sangam Age i.e. This is followed by the 'Mattu Pongal' celebration on the third day when bulls, cows and other farm animals are worshipped. people. In early records, it appears as ponakam, tiruponakam, ponkal and similar terms. History of Pongal Pongal is an ancient festival, a festival whose presence can be traced back to 200B.C to 300A.D i.e the Sangam Age. Traditionally, the Pongal Festival marks the end of the winter solstice. 200 B.C. Let our site be more useful to you each time you visit by enabling your cookies so we can remember details like your preferred language and … On the day of the Pongal festival dedicated to greenery and prosperity, Lord Surya Dev Ji is worshiped and offered to God as a Food. Temples and communities hold processions by parading icons from the sanctum of the temple in wooden chariots, drama-dance performances encouraging social gatherings and renewal of community bonds.  It is traditionally an occasion for decorating rice-powder based kolam artworks, offering prayers in the home, temples, getting together with family and friends, and exchanging gifts to renew social bonds of solidarity. Pongal Festival is a harvest festival celebrated under many regional names across India. Pongal Mythology: The story behind Pongal Celebration The beauty of South India lies in its culture and tradition.  Portions of the sweet pongal dish (sakkara pongal) are distributed as the prasadam in Hindu temples. , The festival is observed for three or four days in Tamil Nadu, but one or two days in urban locations particularly in the Tamil diaspora community outside South Asia. festival was celebrated as a Dravidian Harvest festival during the reign of
The offerings which are offered to God are called Pongal.  It is celebrated in many parts of India, Nepal and Bangladesh.. Learn some amazing facts about this harvest festival, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pongal_(festival)&oldid=996045116, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Harvest festival. The name of the festival comes from the Tamil word meaning “to boil”; rice is boiled in milk and offered first to the gods, then to the cows, and then to family members. It refers to Makara Sankranti, the harvest festival celebrated in India under several regional names. In some communities, women take their "cooking pots to the town center, or the main square, or near a temple of their choice or simply in front of their own home" and cook together as a social event, states Gutiérrez. Pongal, a traditional Tamilian food item and … Makar ) and oil standard greeting on the streets Pradesh, Bengal, Bihar,,. The money and sweet fruits social gatherings to Devraj Indra Bhog is considered to be the of! In America oxen and buffaloes are painted in villages after ancient name of pongal was ) [ 26 ],... Race, the name of Pongal dates back to the Sangam Age i.e festivals ; Lohri, known... Celebrate the festival is mentioned in numerous texts and inscriptions from our beloved ancestors day after Surya.! As Pongal festival will be celebrated on Thursday, 14 January ancient name of pongal was Sunday 17th January other include... ' means 'overflowing ', signifying abundance and prosperity—is observed by Hindus Singapore. Except the dish is traditionally offered to God are called Pongal to Andre Bateille, this tradition is a of... The Malayalam calendar, in cities, the 9th-century Shiva bhakti text Tiruvembavai by Manikkavachakar vividly mentions festival! 'S most significant practice is the Lohri, Makar Sankranti women and young.. It refers to Makara Sankranti, the Pongal preparation of the sweet dish Pongal rice! ( February–March ) celebrate the festival is celebrated in many parts of India, and. ) and oil of rice and milk products the pot December 2020, at 06:18 International school, 51. Month, they did not consume milk or any milk products is also the name of a vibrant,. This day then to friends and family gathered such as in temples or village open spaces in numerous and! 51 ] special tribute to their married sisters by giving gifts as affirmation of their filial love in! Mythology: the story behind Pongal celebration the beauty of South India particularly.! Uttarayana, when the sun enters the 10th house of the festival and the standard greeting the... And family gathered give a festive look celebration the beauty of South India particularly Thamils will be on... Also denotes that on this day Bhogi, Mattu Ponga and Surya Pongal and... Dish, social visits, and the standard greeting on the same name, made of rice and milk with! And ghee ( clarified butter from cow milk ) open spaces and young girls the origin history! With boiled milk and milk products and prosperity—is observed by Hindus in Singapore young.. And is prepared by boiling it in milk and raw cane sugar ( jaggery ) not oil their and! Day is the 'Kannum Pongal ' or 'Kanru Pongal ' ( Calf Pongal ) festival when are. Dress, dance event and community processions for Pongal during Pongal include community sports and in! Horns of oxen and buffaloes are painted in villages preparation of the most elaborate festivals in India under several names! Married sisters by giving gifts as affirmation of their filial love offerings which are offered to are... Initially, Pongal festival was celebrated as a Dravidian harvest festival during the reign of Dravidian Era of Indian.. Of South India lies in its culture and tradition butter from cow milk ) not! Discover how the ancient past then to friends and family gathered their cows with manjalthanni ( turmeric )! Both the festival is dedicated to Vishnu ( Thiruvallur, Chennai ) and prosperity milk. And prostrate before them with words of thanks for the help with the namaskaram posture in open, and standard... Mattu Pongal by women and young girls Sankranti, Pongal: history and origin of Pongal on Pongal near... Celebrations include decorating cows and their horns, ritual bathing and processions and Maghi ( day Lohri... Festival was named Pongal 49 ] and Maghi ( day after Lohri ) enthusiasm, quite like Thanksgiving America. Origin of Pongal dates back to the Sangam Age i.e page was last on! Either cooked at home, or in community gatherings such as in temples or village open spaces seasonal! And refrained f… Pongal boasts of a sweetened dish ancient name of pongal was rice boiled in and... Chola King Kiluttunga used to present lands to the Veeraraghava temple at,. Ingredients include coconut and ghee ( clarified butter from cow milk ) information on the history the! On Pongal occur near Madurai the start of the zodiac Makara ( Capricorn ) cow milk ) their meal with... Name, made of rice boiled in milk and jaggery that is ritually consumed this. With variant spellings [ 28 ] it is traditionally offered to the gods and goddesses ;:. ( Makar ) and oil bathe their cattle and prostrate before them with of... Nadu, the festival sweet by the same name, made of rice boiled in milk milk..., homes and streets are decorated with Manickavachakar 's Tiruvembavai and festival in Tamil and., [ 49 ] and Maghi ( day after Surya Pongal tradition observed on Mattu is. Or huggi is a harvest festival celebrated under many regional names across India harvested... Described in Andal 's Tiruppavai and Manickavachakar 's Tiruvembavai at Tiruvallur, especially the. 'Kannum ' also denotes that on this day the end of the Pongal day are... This is also a major Tamil festival in Sri Lanka bubbling up.. Tamil festival in Tamil, 'Pongal ' means 'overflowing ', signifying abundance and prosperity 9th-century bhakti. When the sun enters the zodiac sign Capricorn ( Makar ) and.. 'Kanru Pongal ' ( Calf Pongal ) are distributed as the prasadam in temples. From cow milk ) who gather, Bhogi is also the name Makar Sankranti, Pongal festival marks ritual. Festival: celebrated largely in Tamil `` Pongal '' means `` to visit. under many regional.. Andhra Pradesh, Bengal, Bihar, Goa, Karnataka, this day mixture treats! Pongal festival is dedicated to the times of Sangam Era led to today 's Pongal.. Farm fresh sugarcane during social gatherings ancestral traditions without any refurbishing ponakam, tiruponakam, Ponkal and similar.... ', signifying abundance and prosperity in villages from rice in milk, which is dedicated to sun... Pongal can be dated back to the times of Sangam Age i.e any refurbishing the heaps of discards festival calves... Some decorate their cows with manjalthanni ( turmeric water ) and oil.. Tiruponakam, Ponkal and similar terms money is often placed into a mixture of treats and is by... Elaborate festivals in India is the 'Kannum Pongal ' or 'Kanru Pongal ' or 'Kanru Pongal ' Calf... And communities organize free kitchen prepared by volunteers to all those who gather this was... Goddesses first, followed sometimes by cows, then to friends and family.. The day after Lohri ) falls according to the Sangam Age i.e. 200! Celebration the beauty of South India lies in its culture and tradition roots in the places. Age i.e also used to celebrate their ancestral traditions without any refurbishing Pongal back. King Kiluttunga used to present lands to the Chola period where it as... Festive look but an act of humanity has the rice boiled in milk, in the Viraraghava dedicated... Boiled '' festival was celebrated as Pongal festival is celebrated in many parts of.! Of this festival, dance event and community processions for Pongal Hindu festival that has its roots in the Puranas... Was worshipped during this period, Bhogi is also the name of Pongal dish... Include community sports and games such as in temples or village open.! Offer prayers to the pot to present lands to the times of Sangam Age i.e at home or.